According to a study published in the Harvard Asian American Policy Review, U.S.-born Filipino Americans (2nd generation) are experiencing ‘Educational Downward Mobility.’


When it comes to graduating from college, data shows that U.S.‐born Filipino Americans (second generation) lag behind immigrant Filipino Americans—many of whom arrive from the Philippines with bachelor’s degrees. Filipino Americans born in the United States exhibit high college push‐out rates, demonstrate lower levels of participation and retention in higher education, and suffer from depression and other mental health issues (Buenavista 2010, 1). Because of possible cultural gender biases, female students may have fewer opportunities to attend college than their male counterparts.


According to the 1990 Census, 22% of second-generation Filipino Americans earned a bachelor’s degree, compared to 43.8% of Filipino American immigrants (Nadal 2011, 143). A decade later, the 2000 Census again revealed a wide intergenerational gap with 44% Philippine-born versus 31.5% U.S.-born Filipino Americans with bachelor’s degrees (Bankston 2006, 195). To read the studies and download a white paper, visit our reference page.


The Sampaguita Group was founded on a solid commitment to support higher education for Filipino American women. Since 2015, when we were established as a non-profit organization, we have awarded more than $12,500 of partial college scholarships to Filipino American women matriculated in colleges and universities throughout the United States. By investing in higher education we hope to increase the opportunity for Filipino American women to experience long-term academic and lifelong success.